INTRODUCTIONThere can be nothing more alarming than suddenly receiving a monthly invoice containing municipal charges that far exceed what you had expected or budgeted for. There are three possible reasons why you may have suddenly received an unusually high water bill. The City* may have:i. overestimated the amounts that you should be charged for based
Introduction This article canvases what a consumer can do to protect himself[1] when a municipality is charging him according to “actual” readings for electricity or water consumption, but where the readings used by the municipality are clearly not ‘actuals’ and thus cannot be true and proper readings.   Actuals versus Estimates                                                                                                                                                            There are two types